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Nxai Pan National Park

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About Nxai Pan National Park

Country found in: Botswana
Parks total area: 2100 km² or 811 mi²
Year established: 1992
Park wildlife: 14 animals listed
Anti-malarial: Absolutely!

Nxai Pan National Park map

Nxai Pan National Park highlights

  • Thomas Baines Baobabs
  • Large springbok population
  • Zebra breeding ground and migration route
  • Only park in Botswana where springbok and impala range overlaps
  • November through April are the best times of year to visit

Nxai Pan National Park is part of the Makgadikgadi salt flats in north eastern Botswana. Makgadikgadi was an ancient lake which dried up 10,000 years ago, leaving only areas of dry salty clay crust interspersed with sandy desert. This truly desolate landscape features wide open spaces that make it easy to catch sight of wildlife. Nxai Pan National Park, to the north of Makgadikgadi Pans National Park, is best known for its large springbok population, the seasonal zebra migration and the cluster of the usually solitary baobab trees named after the 19th century artist and explorer who immortalized them as the Thomas Baines Baobabs. The pan is located in the Kalahari Basin, along with other commonly-visited pans: Sua, Ntwetwe and Makgadikgadi Pans, forming the largest salt pans in the world. 

During the dry season, from May through October, Nxai Pan is an inhospitable desert, where the animals strong enough to brave the barren landscape fight against nature and each other for their lives. Springbok, cheetah and lion engage in heart-pounding dramas over the almost dry water holes.

But when the rains come in November, the dry savannah becomes green and the animals begin to move. The earth trembles as enormous herds of zebra gallop south through Nxai Pan to the flooding Boteti River at the southwest border of Makgadikgadi Pans National Park and east through the seasonally lush pans. Every year 25,000 zebras make this journey. Not only zebras partake of the bounty of the rain-soaked landscape, but wildebeest also join the migration. Such huge herds call forth their predators, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, jackals, spotted and brown hyenas. Nxai Pan is also known for breeding herds of zebra and wildebeest, best seen with their little ones in February.

Many animals move through the rain-soaked pans, including gemsbok, elephants, giraffes, red hartebeest and bat-eared foxes. On rare occasions even buffalo and rhinos wander through the unfenced park. Over 200 species of birdlife can be seen during the green season, ranging from herds of huge ostrich to tiny but colorful tree-dwelling birds and from raptors to ground fowl.

Nxai Pan is the location of one of the largest herds of springbok, and interestingly, one of the only places where the territories of springbok and impala overlap, providing viewing of both species. January is the perfect time to see springbok with their newborns.

Part of the Nxai Pan National Park is Kudiakam Pan and Baines Baobabs. Seven huge, gnarled baobab trees huddle together in the short dry grass while before them stretches the unrelenting dry, white salt pan. The trees, over a thousand years old, remain today exactly as the explorer and artist Thomas Baines painted them in 1862.

When to visit Nxai Pan National Park

Nxai Pan National Park is open year round. The rainy season, from November to April, is best for viewing wildlife including zebras, elephants and wildebeest. If the rains are heavy, roads can become impassable. The dry season, from May to October, is easier for travel and the best time to experience the loneliness of the desert and watch the instinctive interaction of predator and prey.

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Nxai Pan National Park tour packages

Showing 10 of 18 tour packages. Click here to see all tours.

Tour by: Ulinda Safari Trails

Highlights: Staying in pristine wilderness in the Okavango Delta Visiting the magnificent Godikwe heronry re...

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$8400

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Tour by: Africa Odyssey

An action packed 10 days. Kwando Safari’s makes sure you get out and use every all the time you have to maximize...

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From

$6000

per person

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Tour by: Jenman Safaris

A small group lodge safari from / to Victoria Falls through Zimbabwe, Namibia and Botswana Highlights: Victor...

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From

$2535

per person

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Tour by: Kingfisher Safaris

3 x nights Nxai Pan National Park 3 x nights Moremi Game Reserve, Santawani Overland Adventure Safari

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$2100

per person

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Tour by: Kingfisher Safaris

3 x nights Nxai Pan Camp 3 x nights Kwara Camp 3 x nights Lagoon Camp

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$5450

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Tour by: Unlimited Tours & Safaris

Experience the best of Botswana in our Kalahari Desert Safari

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$1440

per person

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Tour by: Safari and Guide Services

This is a great Pans and Delta experience including Baines Baobabs - The Salt Pans - the Okavango Delta - Great ...

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From

$2500

per person

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Tour by: Kalahari Skies

Lodge and mobile 8 day Safari through the remote Kalahari

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$3685

per person

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Tour by: Africa Adventure Safaris

This tour departs from Johannesburg on the 8th of November 2013 and will end on the morning of the 23rd of Novem...

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$3320

per person

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Tour by: Ulinda Safari Trails

Have a very special Christmas in two totally unique environments: Nxai Pan- part of the great Makgadikgadi Salt ...

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$2400

per person

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Showing 10 of 18 tour packages. Click here to see all tours.