Buffalo Springs National Reserve is located in the north of Kenya in the hot and arid lowlands of Mt. Kenya. In 1948, the reserve was established as part of the Isiolo - Samburu game reserve with the present boundaries established in 1985. The reserve covers an area of 131 km² (51 mi²) and has a altitude of between 850 meters (2,790 ft) and 1,230 meters (4,040 ft) above sea level. The management of the reserve is done by the Isiolo County Council.
The reserve is generally an old lava flow and olivine basalt volcanic soils plain that experience dry, hot and semi-arid climatic conditions. The reserve has also great features such as the Champagne Ride which is found in the southeast and an ancient lava-terrace.
Buffalo Springs National Reserve is home to the endangered Grevy's Zebra, elephant, gerenuk, oryx, giraffe, leopard, lion, cheetah, hyena and buffalo. The park has recorded over 365 species of birds that include the Somali ostriches that are widespread.
The reserve also has the rare flora and fauna flower vegetation because of its semi arid climate. Set up around stretch of the seasonal Ewaso Nyiro River, the river bank forest provides shade and therefore drawing plentiful of wildlife during the dry season and consequently maintaining many of the less migratory species all year round.
The best season to visit the reserve is during the months of July and December in the morning or evenings to have an amazing experience.