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Madagascar

The world’s fourth-largest island

  • Companies:

    134 operators
  • Capital:

    Antananarivo
  • Population:

    20 million
  • Currency:

    Malagasy ariary
  • Total area:

    587,040 km² (226,657 miles²)
  • Wildlife:

    9 animals listed
  • Languages:

    French, Malagasy
  • Airports:

    Antananarivo (TNR)

Voltage and plug type

Type C (220V)

Type C (220V)

Type D (220V)

Type D (220V)

Type E (220V)

Type E (220V)

Type J (220V)

Type J (220V)

Type K (220V)

Type K (220V)

Recommended vaccinations

Typhoid Tetanus MMR
Hepatitis B Hepatitis A

Madagascar map

About Madagascar

Madagascar is located off the southeastern shore of the African continent in the Indian Ocean. It is the fourth largest island in the world, after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo. Madagascar has two distinct seasons. Its rainy and warm season runs from about November through April and its dry and cool season runs from May through October.  The topography and climate varies greatly asone travels across the island. The western part of the island is generally drier and sunnier, with the landscape becoming greener and the soil becoming redder as one heads inland towards the east. The capital, Antananarivo, is situated in the center of the island and consists of many hills, with much of the housing built up on the sides of the city. The temperature is noticeably cooler than that of the western regions and as one continues east, the rainfall increases while the temperatures level out.  

Its diverse ecosystem is home to a wide array of plant and animal life, with 90% of the animals and over 80% of the plants endemic to Madagascar. The most noted animal endemic to the island is the lemur. As there are no monkeys or other primates to compete with them, the lemur has continued to live throughout the island. It is estimated that over 100 species exist on Madagascar; however their population has declined drastically due to hunting and loss of habitat and many of the species are now considered endangered. Over 65% of the world’s chameleon species are also found here, along with many different kinds of frogs, geckos and lizards.

The flora of Madagascar is truly stunning and one can find over 800 species of orchid (Wikipedia) here. Six of the world’s eight baobab trees are also located here and photographers seeking unparalleled photo opps won’t be disappointed at Avenue des Baobabs near Morondava on Madagascar’s western coast.  

While Madagascar is not a destination for a traditional safari, it has much to offer for those wishing to see flora and fauna that cannot be seen elsewhere. It has 20 national parks and six nature reserves with different species of lemur found in nearly all of them. It also is an excellent location for those wishing to combine a ‘safari’ holiday with other activities such as snorkeling, diving, kayaking and hiking. The conditions of Madagascar’s rain forests can be uncomfortable, with leeches and mosquitos in abundance, but if the necessary precautions are taken, Madagascar is highly recommended as an alternative safari destination. 

Africa Discovery

Safari tour operator

0 reviews

Yascore 70

Since:
Aug 1996

Africa Discovery was founded in 1996 by Cindi LaRaia, whose love for the continent of Africa began as a little girl watching Tarzan movies. Hokey I know, however the love grew into a deep desire to... read more

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  • 0 photos
  • 18 tour packages
Yascore 70

Since:
Aug 1996

11 reviews

Yascore 66

Since:
May 2010

Safaris Tanzania Limited is a Tanzanian Local Registered Safari Company which operates worldwide to provide Tanzania safaris and Kilimanjaro Climbing adventures by carefully arranging and organizin... read more

More reviews:
  • 10 photos
  • 14 tour packages
Yascore 66

Since:
May 2010

Tracks Safaris

Safari tour operator

8 reviews

Yascore 65

Since:
Jan 2010

Tracks safaris are passionate about Africa - whether you are looking for a lodge or tented safari, a self drive, mobile, walking, flying or photographic safari or a safari for the whole family - le... read more

More reviews:
  • 10 photos
  • 4 tour packages
Yascore 65

Since:
Jan 2010

Tanzania Serengeti Adventure

Safari tour operator

10 reviews

Yascore 65

Since:
Dec 1990

We are proud to be one of the pioneering and reputable safari companies in Tanzania with over 25 years of experience in creating guaranteed and tailor-made expeditions throughout East Africa – Tanz... read more

More reviews:
  • 1 photo
  • 10 tour packages
Yascore 65

Since:
Dec 1990

Rockwood Specialist Tours

Safari tour operator

1 review

Yascore 65

Since:
Jan 2017

Rockwood Specialist Tours is an independent tour operator based in Johannesburg, South Africa. We are specialists, we know how important it is to get your dream Africa Safari just right and we work... read more

More reviews:
  • 10 photos
  • 18 tour packages
Yascore 65

Since:
Jan 2017

Cactus Tours Madagascar

Safari tour operator

0 reviews

Yascore 64

Since:
May 1998

We are a Malagasy tour company, in operation since 1998. We are acting decisively to benefit the local community and to preserve the natural environment of Madagascar, providing the customers wi... read more

No one has reviewed Cactus Tours Madagascar yet.
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  • 6 photos
  • 1 tour package
Yascore 64

Since:
May 1998

Trip Africa

Safari tour operator

0 reviews

Yascore 64

Since:
Apr 2012

TripAfrica is an entirely owner run & managed company started by Becx Whitefield in early 2012. Becx has been involved in the tourism industry for over a decade, from guiding birding tours in Borne... read more

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  • 10 photos
  • 4 tour packages
Yascore 64

Since:
Apr 2012

Mora-Travel

Safari tour operator

0 reviews

Yascore 63

Since:
Aug 2000

Mora-Travel organizes travels to MADAGASCAR. With tourism package, tailor-made tour or expeditions, your trip to Madagascar will be unique and exceptional! Mora-Travel wants to offer an unforget... read more

No one has reviewed Mora-Travel yet.
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  • 0 photos
  • 3 tour packages
Yascore 63

Since:
Aug 2000

Encompass Africa

Safari tour operator

2 reviews

Yascore 63

Since:
Jul 2009

Focusing on tailormade authentic safari travel, Encompass Africa designs each and every itinerary with care to deliver genuine immersive experiences. It’s about engaging all of the senses, cutting ... read more

More reviews:
  • 10 photos
  • 36 tour packages
Yascore 63

Since:
Jul 2009

eTrip Africa

Safari tour operator

17 reviews

Yascore 63

Since:
Aug 2012

E-Trip Africa is the newest division of Worldwide Travel Group LLC, a registered tour operator based in the United States. Founded to provide a responsible alternative for traveling in Africa, E-T... read more

More reviews:
  • 6 photos
  • 2 tour packages
Yascore 63

Since:
Aug 2012

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