Mozambique is located on the southeastern coast of the African continent and is traversed by the mighty Zambezi River. The climate of Mozambique is tropical and it experiences two distinct seasons. The rainy season starts in the spring – around October – and ends around March. The dry season falls during the northern hemisphere’s summer, which works well for those seeking a holiday they can coordinate with school vacation.
Mozambique has seen a large decrease in the population of its larger mammals, particularly during the wars between the 1970s through 1990s, and it still battles with continued destruction of natural habitats since a general lack of regulations stifle the growth of conservation efforts. Although its animal population is growing at an extremely slow rate, it is possible to view larger mammals, particularly in the Niassa Reserve. Here one can see zebra, lions, elephants and buffalo in a remote setting – access is generally by private charter plan. It is estimated that in many of the national parks, where large mammals were present in large numbers, the number of animals now destroyed in the past wars is as high as 95%. National parks that have seen most of their large wildlife destroyed include the following: Zinave National Park, Banhine National Park and Gorongosa National Park.
In an attempt to revitalize Mozambique’s dwindling animal population, The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park was established on 27 November 2001. Limpopo is where the borders of three parks meet – Gaza Province, Mozambique, Kruger National Park, South Africa and Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe. The park has received generous donations from many countries and is divided into the following three separate zones: a tourist zone, a hunting zone and a wilderness zone.
Mozambique enjoys a long shoreline and its year-round temperatures and warm waters make it an excellent location for diving and snorkeling holidays. Bazaruto National Park is a protected area and an archipelago comprised of six islands off the coast of Mozambique that offers unparalleled opportunities for marine wildlife viewing. While not a traditional safari, it does allow visitors the chance to view stunning marine life in beautiful settings.
Mozambique is a country whose political strife has had a devastating impact on its wildlife. It is slowly trying to recover what remains. While it offers game viewing opportunities it might not be an ideal choice for those whose main priority is to view large mammals.