Day 1. From Kilimanjaro Airport to Arusha town.
Arrive at Kilimanjaro International Airport. Meet and greet at the Airport and then your professional driver guide will transfer you to Arusha Ahadi lodge for dinner and overnight. Includes: (HB
Day 2. Arusha historical site tour in the morning, After lunch drive to Maasai village in the evening, learn about Maasai History, culture, have dancing ceremony etc
According to their own oral history, the Maasai originated from the lower Nile valley north of Lake Turkana (North-West Kenya) and began migrating south around the fifteenth century, arriving in a long trunk of land stretching from northern Kenya to central Tanzania between the seventeenth and late eighteenth century. Other ethnic groups were forcibly displaced as they settled there. The Maasai territory reached its largest size in the mid-nineteenth century, and covered almost all of the Great Rift Valley and adjacent lands from Mount Marsabit in the north to Dodoma in the south. At this time the Maasai, as well as the larger group they were part of, raided cattle as far east as the Tanga coast in Tanzania. Raiders used spears and shields, but were most feared for throwing clubs (orinka) which could be accurately thrown from up to 70 paces (appx. 100 meters). In 1852 there was a report of a concentration of 800 Maasai warriors on the move in Kenya. In 1857, after having depopulated the "Wakuafi wilderness" in southeastern Kenya, Maasai warriors threatened Mombasa on the coast of Kenya. The period of expansion was followed by the Maasai "Emutai" of 1883-1902. This period was marked by epidemics of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, rinderpest, and smallpox. The estimate first put forward by a German lieutenant in what was then northwest Tanganyika, was that 90 per cent of cattle and half of wild animals perished from rinderpest. German doctors in the same area claimed that "every second" African had a pock-marked face as the result of smallpox. This period coincided with drought. Rains failed completely in 1897 and 1898. The Austrian explorer Oscar Baumann traveled in Maasai lands in 1891-1893, and described the old Maasai settlement in the Ngorongoro Crater in the 1894 book Durch Massailand zur Nilquelle ("Through the lands of the Maasai to the source of the Nile"): "There were women wasted to skeletons from whose eyes the madness of starvation glared ... warriors scarcely able to crawl on all fours, and apathetic, languishing elders. Swarms of vultures followed them from high, awaiting their certain victims." By one estimate two-thirds of the Maasai died during this period. Starting with a 1904 treaty, and followed by another in 1911, Maasai lands in Kenya were reduced by 60 percent when the British evicted them to make room for settler ranches, subsequently confining them to present-day Kajiado and Narok districts. Maasai in Tanzania were displaced from the fertile lands between Mount Meru and Mount Kilimanjaro, and most of the fertile highlands near Ngorongoro in the 1940s. More land was taken to create wildlife reserves and national parks: Amboseli, Nairobi National Park, Masai Mara, Samburu, Lake Nakuru, and Tsavo in Kenya; Manyara, Ngorongoro, Tarangire and Serengeti in Tanzania. Maasai are pastoralist and have resisted the urging of the Tanzanian and Kenyan governments to adopt a more sedentary lifestyle. They have demanded grazing rights to many of the national parks in both countries. The Maasai stood against slavery and lived alongside most wild animals with an aversion to eating game and birds. Maasai land now has East Africa's finest game areas. Maasai society never condoned traffic of human beings, and outsiders looking for people to enslave avoided the Maasai. Essentially there are twelve geographic sectors of the tribe, each one having its own customs, appearance, leadership and dialects. These subdivisions are known as the Keekonyokie, Damat, Purko, Wuasinkishu, Siria, Laitayiok, Loitai, Kisonko, Matapato, Dalalekutuk, Loodokolani and Kaputiei.
Visit a traditional village in Monduli juu and learn about the culture and life of most Tanzanians. Emairete is a village within the small crater in Monduli district and close to Monduli mountain. Clients who wish to visit a none touristy village will enjoy this 6 hours excursion to the nearby village of Emairete. Clients will meet with the Chairman (Mayor) of the village or a representative from his village council and lean how a village of this size is managed along with the day-to-day issues. Site visits will include fetch water from the water holes with Maasai women, this activity will be specifically for women, while men will be joining the maasai warriors on the field grazing the cattle. Just before dinner the Maasai warriors will welcome all visitors to joining their traditional goat sacrifices to welcome us all to their community. This tour is usually a highlight for clients seeking cultural interactions and insight into the life of most Tanzanians. We highly recommend this tour, as the experience is very rewarding and highly educational. The Maasai are nomadic herders of cattle. The women adorn themselves in brightly colored handmade beaded colors and the men, in their distinctive cloth, will often showcase their amazing jumping prowess for visitors. Learn how they construct their homes of mud, sticks and dung and join the school children in a song at night around fire place at the camp. Monduli juu Special Camp for Dinner and Overnight.
Day 3.Monduli Juu- Lake Manyara National Park..
Today after breakfast you will visit primary school, hospital, courthouse and the district offices in Monduli town, then after will travel by road to Lake Manyara for traditional hot lunch which will be prepared by local women of Mto-wa -mbu a small village located few mile from Lake Manyara National Park. After luch you will have evening game drive in Lake Manyara National Park. Overnight stays at Lake Manyara Jambo special camp.Meal Plan: Breakfast, Picnic Lunch Box, Dinner.
Day 4. Lake Manyara National Park to Serengeti National Park via Oldupai Gorge..
After breakfast travel by road from Lake Manyara Jambo special camp to Serengeti National Park via Oldupai Gorge, where you will visit the Gorge and the Museum, Learn about archaeology, history and our ancient hominid ancestors at Olduvai Gorge. Olduvai Gorge is a world famous archaeological site and anyone with an interest in mankind’s ancestors will be fascinated by the history of this extraordinary place. The gorge and the surrounding area are also extremely interesting from a wildlife perspective as the habitat supports many distinctive plants and animals. Olduvai Gorge is a canyon carved by water through the southern part of the Serengeti Plain. Its chief claim to fame is the rich treasure-trove of human and animal fossils that it has yielded. The name of the gorge, properly spelled ‘Oldupai’, is a Maasai word that refers the wild sisal found thia area. Our Oldupai Gorge tour includes a visit to the museum and visitor’s center as well as a lecture by a department of Antiquities guide. The museum has several displays including a cast of the infamous Laetoli footprints along with other fossil bones and stone tools. This excursion can be incorporated into any itinerary enroute from the Serengeti to Ngorongoro Crater. , en-route game drive overnight stays at Seronera special Camp. Meal Plan: Breakfast, Picnic Lunch Box, Dinner.
Day 5. Full day game drive in Serengeti National park.
Today you will enyoy a full day game drive in Serengeti National Park with a choice of hot lunch at the camp or picnic lunch,you will get a chance to visit Maasai historical site within the park like Maasai musical rocks and Maasai painting rocks.Dinner will be at Seronera special Camp ,Meal Plan: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Day 6. Serengeti National Park to Ngorongoro Crater Tour.
After breakfast travel to Ngorongoro Crater for 6 hour game drive pm followed by Nature walk to Ngorongoro hight land before proceeding to your special camp for dinner and overnight at Ngorongoro Special Camp , Meal Plan: Breakfast, Picnic Lunch Box, Dinner.
Day 7. Ngorongoro Crater to Arusha Town.
Today you will have a lazy breakfast, after breackfast you will be transfer to Arusha town Dinner and Overnight will be at Ahadi Lodge.
NB. Since this Itinerary is more special for those history buffs, we would like to give you the choice of optional activities like Zanzibar Slave Market Tour, Bagamoyo town visit, Kilwa Ireland visit and Pangani town visit, to combine your Mother Land Historical site tour.
Listed below are hotels/lodges/resorts that the safari tour operator can accomodate for you.